|Collection||African Art Collection|
|Other Name||Heddle Pulley|
African Heddle pulley, from the Ivory Coast. Senufo tribe. Appears as an inverted letter "Y." A weaving tool. Handle is shaped like a bird head that has notches on top and a beak. The pulley has rounded legs and a metal rod attached between its legs. Wooden bobbin is attached to the rod. Has felt on bottom of base.
This pulled is the best representation of an African heddle pulley in this collection because it has most of its pieces still attached.
Heddle pulleys are believed to have originated from the Guro, Baule and Senufo peoples of the Ivory Coast, West Africa. They are usually associated with the horizontal treadle loom. The heddle pulley is connected by a cord to the horizontal post above the loom to a series of components below. When the weaver depresses the foot pedals alternatively the bobbin or wheel on the pulley rotates to raise and lower the warp (threads) during the weaving process. Pulleys, an inverted letter "Y," are mostly made out of wood and are passed down from one weaver to another. Usually plain in decoration aside from their abstract and geometric formed heads. Bird heads are common on pulleys made by the Senufo while carved human heads decorate the pulleys made by the Guro and Baule. Today, the Senufo appear to be the last to keep alive the traditional use of the heddle pulleys.
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