Object Record

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Collection African Art Collection
Object Name Textile
Other Name Adire Cloth
Catalog Number 1976.1.3
Accession Number 1976.1
Description The cloth is rectangular - two pieces sewn together - with geometric designs in shades of blue and white. Some designs resemble birds. The pattern of design is recurring throughout. The underside is solid blue. Cloth is woven fabric.

Cloth made from the resist-paste technique. This technique allows artists to paint a starchy substance onto the cloth and signs are either painted or stenciled onto the cloth. Recorded on original aquistition that designs were made from Batik dye.

The adire cloth is associated with the Yoruba of Southwestern Nigeria. The word adire literally means "to tie and dye." To create specific patterns, adire artists apply substances like string, thread, raffia fiber, or paste to block or "resist" the dye. When adire was first produced in the 19th entry, its patters imitated those of woven cloth and was worn by women as wrappers. Also, the cloth was usually dyed with natural indigo which creates a blue color. Today, adire cloths are dyed in many different colors.
People Yoruba
Subjects Africa--Social life and customs.
Africa.
Art
Cloth
Dyeing
Fabric design drawings
Nigeria
Textile art
Yoruba